Romans contains quite a long letter opening. Though it’s a bit artificial, we can say that the opening consists of 1:1-15, since Paul transitions abruptly into what appears to be the first major section of his letter in 1:16. It’s tempting to regard a letter opening as relatively less important than the letter itself, and this is especially the case with Romans. Some feel that this is just the fluffy stuff at the beginning—let’s move on and get to the meat, the theology of the letter! That’s a poor reading strategy, however, and misses quite a lot.
Paul writes to a church he has never visited, so his pastoral approach is diplomatic. He rhetorically establishes a relationship of mutuality with the Roman Christians. He is not an imperious apostle talking down to them, issuing commands and edicts. His carefully crafted rhetoric sets him alongside them, putting him in a position to bless them and be blessed by them. He creates this mutuality in at least two ways.
First, Paul and the Romans share in the call of God. Paul is not an apostle because of his credentials or his giftedness or because of anything else special about him. He was “called” (v. 1), just as those in Rome were “called to be saints” (v. 7).
Second, Paul expresses his longing to come to Rome to bless and be blessed.
I really want to see you to pass along some spiritual gift to you so that you can be strengthened. What I mean is that we can mutually encourage each other while I am with you. We can be encouraged by the faithfulness we find in each other, both your faithfulness and mine (Rom. 1:11-12, CEB).
This is not a one-way relationship with Paul the instructor and the Romans the clueless ones in need of being set right. This is not a lopsided power arrangement. Paul’s ministry posture is one of mutuality.
This is Trinitarian-shaped ministry, the sort of relational dynamic that flows from the gospel that aims to restore what was corrupted at the Fall.
Human relationships were designed to imitate the perichoretic dynamics within the Godhead—Father, Son, and Spirit forming an eternal community of mutual delight. Humans were created for this very same mutuality—to be known and to know, to delight in others and be delighted in by others.
God’s original design for humanity shapes Paul’s approach to ministry. He encounters the Romans as a servant (v. 1), as one who longs to bless and be blessed.
This is, of course, the very same mutuality that Paul wants to see effected in the Roman fellowships. He wants to see rival groups in Rome come to regard each other genuinely as siblings in God’s new family in Christ.
What are the implications for contemporary ministry?